Empowering Patient Education in Other Clinical Fields
Research on empowering patient education has been conducted in several clinical contexts; mental health, pediatric care, cardiac nursing, and oral care. See publications for overall view.
Adolescents mental health needs assessment in the community
Principal investigator: Evanthia Sakellari, post doc researcher, PhD, MSc, RHV
Members of the research team:
Helena Leino-Kilpi, PhD, RN, Professor, University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science
Andre Sourander, MD, PhD, Professor, University of Turku, Faculty of Medicine, Research Centre for Child Psychiatry
Christina Athanasopoulou, PhD Candidate, MAed, BScOT, University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science
Pinja Kokkonen, MNSc, RN, University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science
Jouko Katajisto, Statistician, University of Turku, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
Adolescents are the future adults and their mental health is important for promoting community health and healthy societies. In order to meet the adolescents’ needs and develop mental health promotion programmes, adolescents must be heard. Empowerment is a key tool and a core concept for mental health promotion programmes.
The aim of the study is to assess the adolescents’ mental health needs, determine the factors that are connected with those needs and further, identify the resources they use in order to address those needs. The ultimate goal is to assist health professionals to promote mental health among adolescents in different European countries. Thus, the study will provide a framework to gain a better understanding of the mental health needs among adolescents. The findings of this study will have a scientific as well as societal impact on community health for adolescents.
The results from this study will be used to develop a model for mental health promotion among adolescents within the community including school-based intervention strategies which can be used by health professionals, policy makers and stakeholders. This model will focus on the factors related to mental health needs and more importantly on the resources the adolescents depend on to address their own mental health needs as well as activities and actions for supporting/improving their mental health.
The study is taking place in Finland and Greece, enabling cross-cultural comparisons. The Greek collaborating organisation is the Department of Public and Community Health at the University of West Attica (Athens, Greece), where the post-doctoral researcher is Assistant Professor.
The research team has conducted a systematic literature review which is published here. Data has been collected in Finland among secondary school pupils and in Greece among adolescents service users, while it is planned to conduct the study in the general population too. The study has resulted to the validation of the Youth Efficacy / Empowerment Scale-Mental Health (YES-MH) scale in both Finnish and Greek.
Kokkonen, P., Athanasopoulou, C., Leino-Kilpi, H., & Sakellari, E. (2021). Secondary School Pupils’ Mental Wellbeing Is Associated with Belonging to a Perceived Minority and Experiencing Discrimination. Children (Basel, Switzerland), 8(2), 71. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8020071
Sakellari, E., Athanasopoulou, C., Kokkonen, P., & Leino-Kilpi, H. (2020). Mental Health Needs of Adolescents Assessed During the Years of Global Financial Crisis: a Systematic Review. Medical Archives, 74(4), 298–304. https://doi.org/10.5455/medarh.2020.74.298-304
Sakellari, E., Athanasopoulou, C., Kokkonen, P., Sourander, A., & Leino-Kilpi, H. (2019). Validation of the Youth Efficacy/Empowerment Scale – Mental Health Finnish version. Psychiatriki, 30(3), 235–244. https://doi.org/10.22365/jpsych.2019.303.235
Patient empowerment in weight management interventions
Principal investigator: Sigrid Kivelä, MNSc, PHN, RN
The aim was to increase understanding of how empowering patient education and patient empowerment is reflected in weight management interventions implemented by nurses. The study was conducted as a systematic literature review.
Kivelä, S. (2021). Aikuisten voimavaraistumista tukevat painonhallintainterventiot hoitajien toteuttamama – systemaattinen kirjallisuuskatsaus. University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science. Turku, Finland. (Master’s thesis)
Leadership of patient education
The management of patient education
Principal investigator: Milka Virmajoki, PHN, RN
Part 1 (Bachelor’s thesis): The management of nurse’s health education work – A narrative literature review
Supervisors: Heli Virtanen, PhD, RN, Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku
Riitta Mieronkoski, Doctoral candidate, MHSc, PT, Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku
The aim was to describe the management of nurse’s health education work based on the literature.
Part 2 (Master’s thesis): Patient education management in primary health care – The perspective of the nurse managers
Supervisors: Helena Leino-Kilpi, Professor, Nurse director, PhD, MEd, RN, FAAN, FEANS, MAE, Department Nursing Science, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital
Heli Virtanen, University teacher, PhD, RN, Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku
Maija Hupli, University lecturer, PhD, RN, Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku
The aim is to describe patient education management in health centers from the perspective of nurse managers.
Patients' oral self-care, preoperative fasting in paediatric ambulatory tonsillectomy, and patients with myocardial infarction
Supporting patients oral self-care through empowering patient education
Principal investigator: Mirkka Järvinen, PhD, MNSc, RDH
Marja Pöllänen, DDS, PhD, Specialist in Periodontology
Kirsi Valkeapää, Adjunct Professor, PhD, RN
The purpose of this study was to develop and test empowering patient education program for adults with periodontitis. Design is a randomized control trial. The ultimate goal is to develop dental patient education to become more empowering so that individuals have the competence to take care of themselves.
Järvinen, M. (2020). Support of oral self-care, especially among patients with periodontitis – The role of dental hygienists and dental nurses. Annales Universitatis Turkuensis. Series Medica-Odontologica D 1482. University of Turku, Turku. (Doctoral dissertation)
Järvinen, M., Stolt, M., Honkala, E., Leino-Kilpi, H., & Pöllänen, M. (2018). Behavioural interventions that have the potential to improve self-care in adults with periodontitis: a systematic review. Acta odontologica Scandinavica, 76(8), 612–620. https://doi.org/10.1080/00016357.2018.1490964
Counselling on limited preoperative fasting in paediatric ambulatory tonsillectomy
Principal investigator: Seija Klemetti, PhD
The purpose of this study was to examine preoperative nutritional face-to-face counselling of
the parents by nurses on limited preoperative fasting and active preoperative nutrition: how the parents adopt the knowledge, and whether postoperative recovery of the paediatric ambulatory tonsillectomy patients is safely promoted.
Nurse-led interpersonal counselling for depressive symptoms in patients with myocardial infarction
Principal investigator: Olli Oranta, PhD
The broad interest of this intervention study is in two worldwide remarkable diseases, myocardial infarction and depression. The purpose of the 18-month follow-up study was to evaluate the outcomes of interpersonal counselling implemented by a psychiatric nurse and to examine the recovery experienced by the patients after myocardial infarction.