Baltic Rim Economies 5/2021
Special issue on maritime sector
Published on the 8th of December 2021
“Finland’s northern location, the Russian border and 1100 kilometers of shoreline on the Baltic Sea make us, in practice, an island nation within the European Union. Functioning maritime transport is vital for Finland’s economy and competitiveness, since 90 % of our exports and 80 % of imports are transported by sea. At the same time, currently around 98% of the fuels used in vessels are fossil fuels, which underscores the necessity of a green transformation in the sector.”
Member of European Parliament (the Centre Party of Finland, Renew Europe),
Renew Europe’s negotiator of FuelEU Maritime regulation in the Committee on Transport and Tourism
“The global shipping sector contributes to a large part of the transport work, but it also contributes to the total CO2 emissions by almost 3 %. With the existing plans for decarbonisation only around 20 % of the shipping will be fossil free in 2050 and increased future transport may even lead to an increase in emissions. There are also several other ship emissions to air that influences both human health and the environment and the Baltic Sea is also designated as a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area, PSSA, by the IMO as well as being one of the “special areas” in the MARPOL convention, emission control areas, ECA.”
Maritime Environmental Sciences, Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology,
“In 2007 the countries belonging to the Baltic Sea Marine Protection Commission HELCOM agreed to return the Sea in good ecological status by 2021. Despite good intentions, the launch of the new HELCOM decade in October 2021 had to be started by admitting the failure in reaching the needed nutrient reductions, and the new time limit was set to 2030. It was a pity, as the climate change ridden Baltic Sea is suffocating in high nutrient loads which are also the main threat for its fragile biodiversity.”
Director / Clean Baltic Sea projects,
John Nurminen Foundation,
“The maritime industry in the Baltic Sea Region has experienced reforms in recent years. For example, digital development has taken real leaps forward and various parties are working together to develop operations and processes that are more sustainable for the business and the environment. Regulation has played a significant role in this development. New regulations and emission targets, set by the IMO and the EU, both demand and encourage organisations towards more environmentally-friendly maritime operations. At the same time, more and more national and EU funding programmes are supporting R&D projects with environmental targets without disregarding how to boost the regional economy.”
Pan-European Institute, University of Turku,
Baltic Rim Economies 5/2021 includes the following Expert articles
Elsi Katainen: Reducing emissions in the maritime sector will bring challenges and opportunities for Finland
Thomas L. Brewer: The Baltic Maritime Emission Control Area (ECA) – Precedent for a Mediterranean ECA?
Sakari Kuikka: Use of ecosystem models in marine governance
Laura Uusitalo: Marine monitoring in transition
Anders Berg & Johannes Betz: LISA: Linking Sea & Land – A Flagship process
Päivi Haikkola: International regulation for autonomous maritime
Nani Pajunen & Ona Vassallo: Carbon-neutral circular economy in the marine sector
Eemil Rauma: Can circular economy of mobility help Baltic Sea region countries achieve their CO2-reduction targets?
Vesa Marttinen: Data and circular economies in European short seas
Valerie de Liedekerke: Can the Baltic Region harbour a Sustainable Blue Economy?
Heli Haapasaari: Baltic Sea marine pollution response
Ignė Stalmokaitė, Fred Saunders,Johanna Johansson & Björn Hassler: Sustainability transformations – research in the Baltic and beyond
Eero Hokkanen: Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from maritime transport – a northern Baltic perspective
Elina Andersson: Finnish maritime industries and Baltic Sea area green transition
Karin Andersson: Emission free propulsion for ships
Tiina Tuurnala: Towards zero-emission through cooperation
Anita Mäkinen: Looking for a Silver Bullet to reduce GHG emissions from maritime transport – is there a one?
Jussi Mälkiä: Lessons learnt from greening of shipping
Elina Kari & Hermanni Backer Johnsen: Economic incentives for sustainable shipping?
Eva-Lotta Sundblad: Manage shipping in harmony with marine ecosystems
Ulla Tapaninen: Six steps to reach carbon-free shipping
Niina Kuittinen: Shipping remains a crucial airborne particle source
Selma Brynolf: Solutions for zero-emission shipping
Beatriz Garcia & Hector Gutierrez-Bocaz: Decarbonizing shipping: national action and the challenges ahead
Magnus Gustafsson & Henry Schwartz: The business opportunity of reducing emissions in shipping
Kirsten Å. Øystese: Can Norway’s electric ferries pave the way for zero-emission shipping?
Eunice Olaniyi: Impact of SECA regulations on clean shipping in the BSR
Pentti Kujala: Future cruise ships and the environmental challenges
Daniel Metzger & Orestis Schinas: The challenge of financing green shipping
Angela Kruth & Jens Wartmann: Green ammonia technologies for zero-emission shipping
Jonathan Lewis: Maritime sector needs zero-carbon fuels, not LNG
Eveliina Klemola: Options for low or zero carbon maritime fuels
Kirsi Spoof-Tuomi: Fuel choices for short sea shipping in the Baltic Sea
Kjell Larsson: Reducing discharges from chemical tankers
Axel Merkel: External costs of maritime transport in Sweden
Olena de Andrés González, Heikki Koivisto & Minna M. Keinänen-Toivola: Efficient maritime logistics in the Baltic Sea area
Oskari Lähdeaho: New reality and opportunities of Baltic Sea supply chains
Jarkko Toivola: Sustainable icenavigation in Northern Baltic Sea
Martin Ramacher, Markus Quante, Matthias Karl, Volker Matthias & Jana Moldanova: Future shipping and air quality in the Baltic
Annaleena Mäkilä: Digitalisation alone is no longer enough: Ports are electrifying
Iven Krämer: OPS just one option to reduce emissions in ports
Marjukka Porvari: Focus and courage are needed for saving the Sea
Gunnar Prause: Culture for post-COVID recovery
Thomas Doepel: Securing National Emergency Supply in a sustainable way
Tadeusz Szelangiewicz: Unmanned vessels – maritime transport in the 21st century
Céline Vaneeckhaute: Ship-generated nutrient discharges on the Baltic Sea
Nicole Wermuth: Large engines for sustainable shipping solutions
Alessandro Schönborn: Looking for pathways to decarbonise shipping
Baltic Rim Economies review is co-funded by the Centrum Balticum Foundation, the City of Turku, the John Nurminen Foundation, the Turku Chamber of Commerce and the Port of Turku.
The University of Turku, the Pan-European Institute or the sponsors of this review are not responsible for the opinions expressed in the Expert articles.
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The review is published 4-6 times a year.