Baltic Rim Economies 1/2021

A special issue on the Baltic Sea protection

Published on the 25th of February 2021

State of the Baltic Sea is a priority to the Finnish government

“Climate change affects marine life and increases nutrient loss from the catchment area. Although work to improve the state of the Baltic Sea has been carried out for several decades, much still needs to be done.”

Krista Mikkonen,
Minister of the Environment and Climate Change,
Ministry of the Environment,

Sustainability as the policy framework

“We have truly lived through extraordinary times for over a year now. Although practically the whole world has had to concentrate on fighting the pandemic, the fundamental challenge of the whole humankind has not changed: climate change and the sustainability of our planet.”

Minna Arve,
City of Turku,

Maritime spatial planning for improved environment in the Baltic Sea

“The recently published EU Strategy on Offshore Renewable Energy has put Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) in the spotlight as one of the focus areas in order to achieve the set targets for renewable energy production. MSP is a tool and an instrument to balance various interests in the Baltic Sea. Furthermore, the MSP process is an enabler for blue growth, increasing competitiveness and achieving European climate targets, while still ensuring environmental protection of the marine areas.”

Liene Gaujeniete,
Spatial Planning Expert,
EUSBSR PA Spatial Planning Coordinator,
VASAB Secretariat,
Riga, Latvia

Protection Fund for the Archipelago Sea finances concrete water protection actions

“The Archipelago Sea located in Southwest Finland consists of thousands of islands and is a unique place in many ways. No wonder that the Archipelago is one of the most popular places to spend summers, both inland and on the sea. It is also a place many people call their home. But unfortunately not all news is good: the shallow Archipelago Sea has become one of the most polluted part of the Baltic Sea, and is the last HELCOM Hotspot in Finland.”

Kirsi Ahlman,
Deputy Director,
Centrum Balticum Foundation,

Baltic Rim Economies 1/2021 includes the following Expert articles

Krista Mikkonen: State of the Baltic Sea is a priority to the Finnish government

Minna Arve: Sustainability as the policy framework

Brita Bohman: Updating the Baltic Sea Action Plan

Anna Törnroos: The Decade for oceans and humanity

Mati Kahru: The changing Baltic Sea

Karoliina A. Koho: Towards a “green” future of the Baltic Sea

Maciej Zalewski: Green Deal – Ecohydrological nature-based solutions for improvement of Baltic ecological status

Aija Caune, Mikhail Durkin & Nils Höglund: Hope, stability and protection

Hannu Klemola: Vulnerable sea needs voluntary work to support common vision

Liene Gaujeniete: Maritime spatial planning for improved environment in the Baltic Sea

Kalervo Väänänen: Recycling is a key to the sustainable marine ecology and economy

Tarja Haaranen: Blue bioeconomy – a sustainable path for resource utilisation

Kirsi Kostamo & Minna Pekkonen: Offsetting – new possibilities for sustainable economic growth?

Staffan Lund: Reaching further for cleaner water and rural development

Liisa Pietola: Climate change challenges water protection in agriculture

Katarzyna Fidler: Is Estonia’s timber industry barking up the wrong tree?

Mikko Jokinen: Is COVID-19 driven shutdown of Danish fur industries alarming signal for the Baltic Sea eutrophication?

Jukka Mehtonen: Better management of hazardous chemicals

Noora Perkola: Reducing pharmaceutical emissions to Baltic Sea

Jorma Kämäräinen: IMO regulations and winter navigation

Joacim Johannesson: Baltic Sea regional cooperation for better maritime spatial planning

Sari Repka: Maritime governance and shipping

Jouni Lappalainen & Valtteri Laine: Risk management in maritime transport in the Baltic Sea demands committed regional cooperation

Rami Metsäpelto: Safe and smoothly running maritime transport requires a shared digital situational awareness

Ida-Maja Hassellöv: Increased environmental pressure from ships

Henrik Ringbom: Why are we so timid on ship-source pollution?

Dani Lindberg: Tackling food waste, a shipping company’s perspective

Rasmus Uglebjerg With & Josefine Eva Lilly Pallesen: Sustainable shipping in the Baltic Sea Region

Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen: Future path for shipping fraught with peril?

Nerijus Blažauskas: Marine research boosts the marine economy in Lithuania

Marko Takala: CoastNET LIFE offers cost-effectiveness in nature management

Jaakko Ruola & Kari Veijonen: Finland’s national treasure the Archipelago Sea is in danger

Maija Mussaari: Building up biodiversity capital

Anne-Marget Hellén: Sustainable tourism requires cooperation

Juulia Räikkönen & Ilari E. Sääksjärvi: Biodiversity research and science tourism

Hanna-Mari Kuhmonen: Sustainable tourism in archipelagos

Tiina Rinne-Kylänpää: Naantali – a gateway to the archipelago

Katriina Siivonen: Cultural sustainability in the archipelago

James Simpson: St. Olav Waterway – A European cultural route through the Archipelago

Heidi Arponen: Mapping the underwater nature provides tools for the marine conservation and management of marine protected areas

Mikael Westerlund: Towards a natural balance of ocean life, with innovation and eco-system partners

Sander Loite & Jonne Kotta: Profitable mussel farms can clean up the Baltic Sea – just a dream or the real deal?

Markku Saiha: Herring with driftnets

Markku Lappalainen: Eagles and seals are back, but the sea is still feeling bad

Minna Pappila & Charlotta Zetterberg: Ecological compensations as an emerging protection tool

Minna Sarvi: Towards sustainability in manure and nutrient use

Penina Blankett: VELMU data have many uses

Sari Luostarinen: Manure data as a prerequisite to its sustainable use

Kirsi Ahlman: Protection Fund for the Archipelago Sea finances concrete water protection actions