Research data

LiDAR DEM data

The RewarD project will use high-resolution LiDAR DEMs (2-m grid/0.3 m vertical resolution) with the standardized MDOW (multidirectional/hill-shaded) and slope visualization derivatives (NLS and GTK) as a primary geomorphological mapping tool.

The LiDAR data is supported by the existing digital data sets:

  • Aerial photographs (NLS)
  • Base maps and lower resolution DEMs (NLS)
  • Maps of Quaternary sediments and thickness of superficial deposits
    (scales 1:20 000 – 1:100 000) (GTK)
  • Glacial dynamic information, such as lineations, hummocky moraines and glaciofluvial
    deposits (cf. Putkinen et al., 2017) (GTK)
  • Highest shoreline contours and relative proglacial water depth
    (Ojala et al., 2013) (GTK)
  • Bedrock maps (scales 1:20 000 – 1:100 000) (GTK)
  • Aerogeophysical mapping data, such as magnetic anomalies (GTK)

All of the above-mentioned data sets are freely available from the National Land Survey of Finland (NLS): ( and Geological Survey of Finland (GTK) Maankamara map service ( as well as from Hakku spatial data products service ( Data processing and visualizations are done by using ArcGIS (ESRI) software. The mapping data will be supported by the results of relevant earlier scientific studies and GTKĀ“s database of test pits.

The description of the laser scanning data of the National Land Survey of Finland (NLS) can be found here:

Geological Survey of Finland’s (GTK) free map web map application Maankamara includes features such as precise elevation data hillshading, superficial deposits and bedrock maps and aerial photographs. The description and access to Maankamara map serviceĀ  can be found here:

Sedimentological data

The LiDAR data is supported by the sedimentological data collected from pits excavated to murtoos. The excavations were usually 1-4 m deep and 20-35 m long.

Ground penetrating radar profiles

The ground penetrating radar profiles were acquired by Geological Survey of Finland. The profiles were mostly driven along forest roads or paths using a 100 Mhz antennae.