Instruments

We have developed structured instruments for measuring empowering knowledge. The development of these instruments based on the theory of Empowering Patient Education, EPE (Leino-Kilpi & Vuorenheimo, 1994, Leino-Kilpi et al., 1999, Heikkinen et al. 2007, Rankinen et al. 2007, Ryhänen et al. 2012).

Instruments measuring empowering knowledge

The construction of the instruments based on the six dimensions of empowering knowledge: bio-physiological (i.e. illness, symptoms, treatment and complications), functional (i.e. mobility, rest and nutrition), experimential (i.e. emotions and hospital experiences), ethical (i.e. rights, duties and participation in decision-making), social (i.e. families, other patients and patients unions), financial (i.e. costs and financial benefits). For defining the level of empowerment, the relationship between expectations and received knowledge is fundamental: the closer they are, the higher possibilities the patient has to be empowered.

Instruments

  • Knowledge Expectations of Hospital Patient, KEhp 2.0
    ©Leino-Kilpi, Salanterä, Hölttä 2003
    Expectations items: 40; scale: 1=totally disagree – 4=totally agree, 0=not available
  • Knowledge Expectations of Significant Others, KEso 2.0
    ©Leino-Kilpi, Salanterä, Hölttä 2003
    Background factors: 12
    Expectations items: 40; scale: 1=totally disagree – 4=totally agree, 0=not available
  • Received Knowledge of Hospital Patient, RKhp 2.0
    ©Leino-Kilpi, Salanterä, Hölttä 2003
    Background factors: 10
    Received items: 40; scale: 1=totally disagree – 4=totally agree, 0=not available
  • Received Knowledge of Significant Others, RKso 2.0
    ©Leino-Kilpi, Salanterä, Hölttä 2003
    Background factors: 3
    Received items: 40; scale: 1=totally disagree – 4=totally agree, 0=not available
  • Received Knowledge of Hospital Patient/Patients with Pacemaker
    ©Leino-Kilpi, Lönnberg, Koivunen 2010
    (Finnish only)
  • Received Knowledge of Hospital Patient/Ambulatory Surgery Patients
    ©Leino-Kilpi, Salanterä, Leppänen, Lindblom, Nummela 2005
    (Finnish only)
  • Knowledge level of Ambulatory Surgery Patients
    ©Leino-Kilpi, Salanterä, Leppänen, Lindblom, Nummela 2005
    (Finnish only)
  • NCE Instrument for Evaluating Practice of Patient Education
    ®NCE 2001
    Nurses’ perspective (Finnish only)
  • NCE Instrument for Evaluating Practice of Patient Education
    ®NCE 2001Patients’ perspective (Finnish only)
  • EPNURSE
    ©Johansson et al. 2008
    Instrument to collect information about patient education
  • Patient Education of Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease
    ©Leino-Kilpi, Virtanen, Tuominen, Kilpi, Laulaja, Kiukainen, Karlsson 2016
    Patients’ perspective (Finnish only)

The instruments are available by request from Professor Helena Leino-Kilpi. The use of the intruments for academic research purposes is free. The research plan is required before the permission to use the instrument is granted.

If you are interested in using the instruments, please complete the requested scale form and research plan and email them to Professor Helena Leino-Kilpi: helena.leino-kilpi@utu.fi

The requested scale form​ (in English)
Mittarin käyttölupahakemus​ (in Finnish)

For measuring outcomes of empowering patient education, we have used many other instruments of the patient education process (©NCE), in the field of health-related quality of life (EuroQol Group 1990, QoR-1998), self-efficacy (Pellino et al. 1998), as well as different knowledge and problem-solving tests and instruments for a special educational field.