A – Peer reviewed scientific articles


Lintunen, K. Kasvi, E., Uvo, C. & Alho, P. (2024). Changes in the discharge regime of Finnish rivers. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies 53. DOI.

Blåfield, L., Marttila, H., Kasvi, E. & Alho, P. (2024). Temporal shift of hydroclimatic regime and its influence on migration of a high latitude meandering river. Journal of Hydrology 633. DOI.

Vázquez-Tarrío, D., Ruiz-Villanueva, V., Garrote, J., Benito, G., Calle, M., Lucía, A., Díez-Herrero, A., 2024. Effects of sediment transport on flood hazards: Lessons learned and remaining challenges. Geomorphology 446, 108976. DOI.

Rabanaque, M.P., Martínez-Fernández, V., Calle, M., Castillo, O., Benito, G., 2024. Spatio-temporal analysis of geomorphic recovery along an altered ephemeral stream using automated image processing. Geomorphology 450, 109069. DOI.


Lima, F., Blanco-Sepúlveda, R., Calle, M., Andújar, D., 2023. Reconstruction of historical soil surfaces and estimation of soil erosion rates with mound measurements and UAV photogrammetry in Mediterranean olive groves. Geoderma 440, 116708.


Gonzales-Inca, C., Calle, M., Croghan, D., Torabi Haghighi, A., Marttila, H., Silander, J. and Alho, P. (2022).  Geospatial Artificial Intelligence (GeoAI) in the Integrated Hydrological and Fluvial Systems Modeling: Review of Current Applications and Trends. Water 14. DOI.

Lotsari, E., Lintunen, K., Kasvi, E., Alho, P. and Blåfield, L. (2022). The impacts of near-bed flow characteristics on river bed sediment transport under ice-covered conditions in 2016–2021. Journal of Hydrology 615. DOI. A1.


Nylén, T., Tolvanen, H. and Suominen, T. (2021). Scalability of Water Property Measurements in Space and Time on a Brackish Archipelago Coast. Applied Sciences, 11: 15, 1-16. DOI. A1.

Salmela, J., Saarni, S., Blåfield, L., Katainen, M., Kasvi, E. and Alho, P. (2021). Comparison of cold season sedimentation dynamics in the non-tidal estuary of the Northern Baltic Sea. Marine Geology. DOI. A1.

Blåfield, L., Alho, P. and Kirkkala, T. (2021). Bathymetric mapping and hydraulic modelling as a dredging planning tool: case Eurajoki River. Terra, 133: 2, 77-94. DOI. A1.


Calle, M., Calle, J., Alho, P. and Benito, G. (2020). Inferring sediment transfers and functional connectivity of rivers from repeat topographic surveys. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 45(3), pp.681-693. DOI. A1.

Lotsari, E., Dietze, M., Kämäri, M., Alho, P. and Kasvi, E. (2020). Macro-Turbulent Flow and Its Impacts on Sediment Transport Potential of a Subarctic River during Ice-Covered and Open-Channel Conditions. Water, 12(7), p.1874. DOI. A1

Lotsari, E., Hackney, C., Salmela, J., Kasvi, E., Kemp, J., Alho, P. and Darby, S. (2020). Sub‐arctic river bank dynamics and driving processes during the open‐channel flow period. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 45(5), pp.1198-1216. DOI. A1.

Salmela, J., Kasvi, E. and Alho, P. (2020). River plume and sediment transport seasonality in a non-tidal semi-enclosed brackish water estuary of the Baltic Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 245. DOI. A1.


Holzhüter, W., Luhtala, H., Hansen, H. S., Schiele, K. S. (2019). Lost in space and time? A conceptual framework to harmonise data for marine spatial planning. International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research, 14, pp. 108-132.  DOI. A1.

Kasvi, E., Lotsari, E., Kumpumäki, M., Dubrovin, T. and Veijalainen, N. (2019). Effects of Climate Change and Flow Regulation on the Flow Characteristics of a Low-Relief River within Southern Boreal Climate Area. Water 11(9), pp. 1827.  DOI. A1.

Kasvi, E., Salmela, J., Lotsari, E., Kumpula, T. and Lane, S. (2019). Comparison of remote sensing based approaches for mapping bathymetry of shallow, clear water rivers. Geomorphology, 333, pp.180-197. DOI. A1.

Lang, J., Alho, P., Kasvi, E., Goseberg, N. and Winsemann, J. (2019). Impact of Middle Pleistocene (Saalian) glacial lake-outburst floods on the meltwater-drainage pathways in northern central Europe: Insights from 2D numerical flood simulation. Quartenary Science Reviews, 209, pp. 82-89. DOI. A1.

Lotsari, E., Tarsa, T., Kämäri, M., Alho, P. and Kasvi, E. (2019). Spatial variation of flow characteristics in a subarctic meandering river in ice‐covered and open‐channel conditions: A 2D hydrodynamic modelling approach. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. DOI. A1.

Nylén, T., Kasvi, E., Salmela, J., Kaartinen, H., Kukko, A., Jaakkola, A., Hyyppä, J. and Alho, P. (2019). Improving distribution models of riparian vegetation with mobile laser scanning and hydraulic modelling. PLos ONE 14(12): 1-29. DOI. A1.

Salmela, J., Kasvi, E., Vaaja, M. T., Kaartinen, H., Kukko, A., Jaakkola, A. and Alho, P. (2019). Morphological changes and riffle-pool dynamics related to flow in a meandering river channel based on a 5-year monitoring period using close-range remote sensing. Geomorphology. DOI. A1.

Tolvanen, H., Erkkilä-Välimäki, A. & Nylén, T. (2019). From silent knowledge to spatial information – Mapping blue growth scenarios for maritime spatial planning. Marine Policy, 107. DOI. A1.


Calle, M., Alho, P. and Benito, G. (2018). Monitoring ephemeral river changes during floods with SfM photogrammetry. Journal of Iberian Geology, 44(3), pp.355-373. DOI. A1.

Lotsari, E., Calle, M., Benito, G., Kukko, A., Kaartinen, H., Hyyppä, J., Hyyppä, H. and Alho, P. (2018). Topographical change caused by moderate and small floods in a gravel bed ephemeral river – a depth-averaged morphodynamic simulation approach. Earth Surface Dynamics, 6(1), pp.163-185. DOI. A1.


Calle, M., Alho, P. and Benito, G. (2017). Channel dynamics and geomorphic resilience in an ephemeral Mediterranean river affected by gravel mining. Geomorphology, 285, pp.333-346. DOI. A1.

Kasvi, E., Laamanen, L., Lotsari, E. and Alho, P. (2017). Flow Patterns and Morphological Changes in a Sandy Meander Bend during a Flood—Spatially and Temporally Intensive ADCP Measurement Approach. Water, 9(2), p.106. DOI. A1.

Kasvi, E., Hooke, J., Kurkela, M., Vaaja, M., Virtanen, J., Hyyppä, H. and Alho, P. (2017). Modern empirical and modelling study approaches in fluvial geomorphology to elucidate sub-bend-scale meander dynamics. Progress in Physical Geography: Earth and Environment, 41(5), pp. 533-569. DOI. A1.

Kämäri, M., Alho, P., Colpaert, A. and Lotsari, E. (2017). Spatial variation of river-ice thickness in a meandering river. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 137, pp.17-29. DOI. A1.

Lotsari, E., Kasvi, E., Kämäri, M. and Alho, P. (2017). The effects of ice cover on flow characteristics in a subarctic meandering river. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 42, pp. 1195-1212. DOI. A1.

Vesakoski, J., Nylén, T., Arheimer, B., Gustafsson, D., Isberg, K., Holopainen, M., Hyyppä, J. and Alho, P. (2017). Arctic Mackenzie Delta channel planform evolution during 1983-2013 utilising Landsat data and hydrological time series. Hydrological Processes, 31(22), pp.3979-3995. DOI. A1.


Luhtala, H., Kulha, N., Tolvanen, H. and Kalliola, R. (2016). The effect of underwater light availability dynamics on benthic macrophyte communities in a Baltic Sea archipelago coast. Hydrobiologia, 776(1), pp.277-291. DOI. A1.

Luhtala, H. and Tolvanen, H. (2016). Spatio-temporal representativeness of euphotic depth in situ sampling in transitional coastal waters. Journal of Sea Research, 112, pp.32-40. DOI. A1.

Mononen, L., Auvinen, A., Ahokumpu, A., Rönkä, M., Aarras, N., Tolvanen, H., Kamppinen, M., Viirret, E., Kumpula, T. and Vihervaara, P. (2016). National ecosystem service indicators: Measures of social–ecological sustainability. Ecological Indicators, 61, pp.27-37. DOI. A1.

Suominen, T. and Tolvanen, H. (2016). Temporal analysis of remotely sensed turbidity in a coastal archipelago. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 49, pp.188-199. DOI. A1.

Wang, Y., Hyyppa, J., Liang, X., Kaartinen, H., Yu, X., Lindberg, E., Holmgren, J., Qin, Y., Mallet, C., Ferraz, A., Torabzadeh, H., Morsdorf, F., Zhu, L., Liu, J. and Alho, P. (2016). International Benchmarking of the Individual Tree Detection Methods for Modeling 3-D Canopy Structure for Silviculture and Forest Ecology Using Airborne Laser Scanning. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 54(9), pp.5011-5027. DOI. A1.


Alho, P., Laamanen, L., Kasvi, E., Wang, Y., Flener, C. (2015). Tulvariskien hallinta uusilla teknologioilla. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja. PDF. A1.

Arzel, C., Rönkä, M., Tolvanen, H., Aarras, N., Kamppinen, M. and Vihervaara, P. (2015). Species Diversity, Abundance and Brood Numbers of Breeding Waterbirds in Relation to Habitat Properties in an Agricultural Watershed. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 52(1-2), pp.17-32. DOI. A1.

Calle, M., Lotsari, E., Kukko, A., Alho, P., Kaartinen, H., Rodriguez-Lloveras, X. and Benito, G. (2015). Morphodynamics of an ephemeral gravel-bed stream combining Mobile Laser Scanner, hydraulic simulations and geomorphological. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, 59, pp. 33-57. DOI. A1.

Flener, C., Wang, Y., Laamanen, L., Kasvi, E., Vesakoski, J., Alho, P. (2015). Empirical Modeling of Spatial 3D Flow Characteristics Using a Remote-Controlled ADCP System: Monitoring a Spring Flood. Water 7(1), pp.217-247. DOI. A1.

Kankare, V., Vauhkonen, J., Holopainen, M., Vastaranta, M., Hyyppä, J., Hyyppä, H. and Alho, P. (2015). Sparse Density, Leaf-Off Airborne Laser Scanning Data in Aboveground Biomass Component Prediction. Forests, 6(12), pp.1839-1857. DOI. A1.

Kasvi, E., Vaaja, M., Kaartinen, H., Kukko, A., Jaakkola, A., Flener, C., Hyyppä, H., Hyyppä, J. and Alho, P. (2015). Sub-bend scale flow–sediment interaction of meander bends — A combined approach of field observations, close-range remote sensing and computational modelling. Geomorphology, 238, pp. 119-134. DOI. A1.

Kämäri, M., Alho, P., Veijalainen, N., Aaltonen, J., Huokuna, M. and Lotsari, E. (2015). River ice cover influence on sediment transportation at present and under projected hydroclimatic conditions. Hydrological Processes, 29(22), pp.4738-4755. DOI. A1.

Lotsari, E., Thorndycraft, V. and Alho, P. (2015). Prospects and challenges of simulating river channel response to future climate change. Progress in Physical Geography: Earth and Environment, 39(4), pp.483-513. DOI. A1.

Lotsari, E., Wang, Y., Kaartinen, H., Jaakkola, A., Kukko, A., Vaaja, M., Hyyppä, H., Hyyppä, J. and Alho, P. (2015). Gravel transport by ice in a subarctic river from accurate laser scanning. Geomorphology, 246, pp.113-122. DOI. A1.

Tarvainen, H., Tolvanen, H. and Repka, S. (2015). How can maritime spatial planning contribute to sustainable Blue Growth in the Baltic Sea? Bulletin of the Maritime Institute in Gdansk, 30(1), pp. 90-99. DOI. A1.

Winsemann, J., Alho, P., Laamanen, L., Goseberg, N., Lang, J. and Klostermann, J. (2015). Flow dynamics, sedimentation and erosion of glacial lake outburst floods along the Middle Pleistocene Scandinavian Ice Sheet (northern central Europe). Boreas, 45(2), pp.260-283. DOI. A1.


Aarras, N., Rönkä, M., Kamppinen, M., Tolvanen, H. and Vihervaara, P. (2014). Environmental technology and regional sustainability – The role of life-based design. Technology in Society, 36, pp.52-59. DOI. A1.

Kankare, V., Holopainen, M., Vastaranta, M., Hyyppä, J., Hyyppä, H. and Alho, P. (2014)Comparison of High Density Laser Scanning Methods for Tree-Level Biomass Estimation. 22nd European Biomass Conference and Exhibition. DOI. A4.

Kasvi, E., Alho, P., Lotsari, E., Wang, Y., Kukko, A., Hyyppä, H. and Hyyppä, J. (2014). Two-dimensional and three-dimensional computational models in hydrodynamic and morphodynamic reconstructions of a river bend: sensitivity and functionality. Hydrological Processes, 29(6), pp.1604-1629. DOI. A1.

Lotsari, E., Vaaja, M., Flener, C., Kaartinen, H., Kukko, A., Kasvi, E., Hyyppä, H., Hyyppä, J. and Alho, P. (2014). Annual bank and point bar morphodynamics of a meandering river determined by high-accuracy multitemporal laser scanning and flow data. Water Resources Research, 50(7), pp.5532-5559. DOI. A1.

Rinne, H., Kaskela, A., Downie, A., Tolvanen, H., von Numers, M. and Mattila, J. (2014). Predicting the occurrence of rocky reefs in a heterogeneous archipelago area with limited data. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 138, pp.90-100. DOI. A1.

Rönkä, M., Kamppinen, M., Tolvanen, H., Huitu, H., Thessler, S., Vihervaara, P. and Aarras, N. (2014). Environmental technology in the sustainable use of agricultural ecosystem services: the relevance of farmers’ mental models. International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, 10(4), p.419. A1.

Tolvanen, H., Rönkä, M., Vihervaara, P., Kamppinen, M., Arzel, C., Aarras, N. and Thessler, S. (2014). Spatial information in ecosystem service assessment: data applicability in the cascade model context. Journal of Land Use Science, pp.1-18. DOI. A1.

Vesakoski, J., Alho, P., Hyyppä, J., Holopainen, M., Flener, C. and Hyyppä, H. (2014). Nationwide Digital Terrain Models for Topographic Depression Modelling in Detection of Flood Detention Areas. Water, 6(2), pp.271-300. DOI. A1.

Virtanen, J., Hyyppä, H., Kurkela, M., Vaaja, M., Alho, P. and Hyyppä, J. (2014). Rapid Prototyping — A Tool for Presenting 3-Dimensional Digital Models Produced by Terrestrial Laser Scanning. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 3(3), pp.871-890. DOI. A1.


Flener, C., Vaaja, M., Jaakkola, A., Krooks, A., Kaartinen, H., Kukko, A., Kasvi, E., Hyyppä, H., Hyyppä, J. and Alho, P. (2013). Seamless Mapping of River Channels at High Resolution Using Mobile LiDAR and UAV-Photography. Remote Sensing, 5(12), pp.6382-6407. DOI. A1.

Kasvi, E., Alho, P., Vaaja, M., Hyyppä, H. and Hyyppä, J. (2013). Spatial and temporal distribution of fluvio-morphological processes on a meander point bar during a flood event. Hydrology Research, 44(6), pp.1022-1039. DOI. A1.

Lotsari, E., Wainwright, D., Corner, G., Alho, P. and Käyhkö, J. (2013). Surveyed and modelled one-year morphodynamics in the braided lower Tana River. Hydrological Processes, 28(4), pp.2685-2716. DOI. A1.

Lotsari, E., Aaltonen, J., Veijalainen, N., Alho, P. and Käyhkö, J. (2013). Future fluvial erosion and sedimentation potential of cohesive sediments in a coastal river reach of SW Finland. Hydrological Processes, 28(25), pp.6016-6037.

Luhtala, H. and Tolvanen, H. (2013). Optimizing the Use of Secchi Depth as a Proxy for Euphotic Depth in Coastal Waters: An Empirical Study from the Baltic Sea. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 2(4), pp.1153-1168. DOI. A1.

Luhtala, H., Tolvanen, H. and Kalliola, R. (2013). Annual spatio-temporal variation of the euphotic depth in the SW-Finnish archipelago, Baltic Sea. Oceanologia, 55(2), pp.359-373. DOI. A1.

Tolvanen, H., Suominen, T. and Kalliola, R. (2013). Annual and long-term water transparency variation and the consequent seafloor illumination dynamics in the Baltic Sea archipelago coast of SW Finland. Boreal Environment Research 18(3), pp. 446-458.

Vaaja, M., Kukko, A., Kaartinen, H., Kurkela, M., Kasvi, E., Flener, C., Hyyppä, H., Hyyppä, J., Järvelä, J. and Alho, P. (2013). Data Processing and Quality Evaluation of a Boat-Based Mobile Laser Scanning System. Sensors, 13(9), pp.12497-12515. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s130912497 A1.

Wang, Y., Liang, X., Flener, C., Kukko, A., Kaartinen, H., Kurkela, M., Vaaja, M., Hyyppä, H. and Alho, P. (2013). 3D Modeling of Coarse Fluvial Sediments Based on Mobile Laser Scanning Data. Remote Sensing, 5(9), pp.4571-4592. DOI. A1.


Alho, P. (2012). 2-D hydraulic modeling of the largest Glacial Lake Missoula draining(s). Quaternary International, 279-280, p.14. DOI. A1.

Kasvi, E., Vaaja, M., Alho, P., Hyyppä, H., Hyyppä, J., Kaartinen, H. and Kukko, A. (2012). Morphological changes on meander point bars associated with flow structure at different discharges. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 38(6), pp.577-590. DOI. A1.


Alho, P., Vaaja, M., Kukko, A., Kasvi, E., Kurkela, M., Hyyppä, J., Hyyppä, H. and Kaartinen, H. (2011). Mobile laser scanning in fluvial geomorphology: mapping and change detection of point bars. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, Supplementary Issues, 55(2), pp.31-50. DOI. A1.

Alho, P., Hyyppä, J., Hyyppä, H., Flener, C. Kasvi, E., Vaaja, M., Kukko, A., Lotsari, E., Hohenthal, J., Kurkela, M., Kaartinen, H. and Haggrén, H. (2011). Uudet mittausmenetelmät jokiympäristön kartoituksessa. Photogrammetric Journal of Finland, 22(3), pp.115-127. A1.

Vaaja, M., Hyyppä, J., Kukko, A., Kaartinen, H., Hyyppä, H. and Alho, P. (2011). Mapping Topography Changes and Elevation Accuracies Using a Mobile Laser Scanner. Remote Sensing, 3(3), pp.587-600.


Alho, P. (2010). EU:n tulvadirektiivi ja tulvatiedon välittämisen sekä visualisoinnin haasteet. Terra 122(2). A2.

Alho, P. and Mäkinen, J. (2010). Hydraulic parameter estimations of a 2D model validated with sedimentological findings in the point bar environment. Hydrological Processes, 24(18), pp.2578-2593. DOI. A1.

Alho, P., Baker, V. and Smith, L. (2010). Paleohydraulic reconstruction of the largest Glacial Lake Missoula draining(s). Quaternary Science Reviews, 29(23-24), pp.3067-3078. DOI. A1.

Baker V. R., Bjornstad B. N., Gaylord D. R., Smith G. A., Meyer S. E., Alho P., Sweeney M. R., Breckenridge R.M., Zreda M. (2010). Pleistocene megaflood landscapes of the Channeled Scabland. In book: Exploring the Geology of the Inland Northwest. DOI. A3.

Flener, C., Lotsari, E., Alho, P. and Käyhkö, J. (2010). Comparison of empirical and theoretical remote sensing based bathymetry models in river environments. River Research and Applications, 28(1), pp.118-133. DOI. A1.

Koivumäki, L., Alho, P., Lotsari, E., Käyhkö, J., Saari, A. and Hyyppä, H. (2010). Uncertainties in flood risk mapping: a case study on estimating building damages for a river flood in Finland. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 3(2), pp.166-183. DOI. A1.

Lotsari, E., Veijalainen, N., Alho, P. and Käyhkö, J. (2010). Impact of climate change on future discharges and flow characteristics of the tana river, sub‐arctic northern fennoscandia. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, 92(2), pp.263-284. A1.

Stock, A., Tolvanen, H. and Kalliola, R. (2010). Crossing natural and data set boundaries: coastal terrain modelling in the South-West Finnish Archipelago. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 24(9), pp.1435-1452. DOI. A1.

Suominen, T., Tolvanen, H. and Kalliola, R. (2010). Geographical persistence of surface-layer water properties in the Archipelago Sea, SW Finland. Fennia – International Journal of Geography, 188(2), 179-196. PDF.  A1.

Suominen, T., Tolvanen, H. and Kalliola, R. (2010). Surface layer salinity gradients and flow patterns in the archipelago coast of SW Finland, northern Baltic Sea. Marine Environmental Research, 69(4), pp.216-226. DOI. A1.

Veijalainen, N., Lotsari, E., Alho, P., Vehviläinen, B. and Käyhkö, J. (2010). National scale assessment of climate change impacts on flooding in Finland. Journal of Hydrology, 391(3-4), pp.333-350. DOI. A1.

A1 – Journal article – refereed

A2 – Review arcticle

A3 – Book chapter

A4 – Conference proceedings