In the Fluvial and Coastal Research Group (FCRG) we study fluvial and coastal processes and environments. Our research concentrates on past, present and future river and coastal dynamics. We are especially interested in changing river and coastal environments, and in how human interaction with these systems affects natural processes, leading to changes in e.g. flow regimes, erosion-sedimentation processes, and physico-chemical water dynamics. In order to advance river research, we develop new methods in coastal and fluvial remote sensing, channel morphology, hydro- and morphodynamic modelling. Coastal research spans from fieldwork-intensive water quality sampling to investigation of marine spatial planning processes.
Methodologically, we focus on laser scanning, sediment transport sampling, mobile current profiling and bathymetric modelling, as well as on in situ methodology in underwater light measurement and application of geoinformatics in marine management. In addition to our main research focus on the sub-arctic and the Baltic Sea, we also work in Spain, the USA and Iceland.
Staff members and project researchers form the core group, but also undergraduate students participate in the work. The group has a common interest in the challenge of the fluvial and coastal environment, particularly sub-arctic fluvial environments and the Finnish and other Baltic Sea coasts.
Nylén, T., Kasvi, E., Salmela, J., Kaartinen, H., Kukko, A., Jaakkola, A., Hyyppä, J. and Alho, P. (2019). Improving distribution models of riparian vegetation with mobile laser scanning and hydraulic modelling. PLos ONE 14(12): 1-29. DOI. A1.
Salmela, J., Kasvi, E., Vaaja, M. T., Kaartinen, H., Kukko, A., Jaakkola, A. and Alho, P. (2019). Morphological changes and riffle-pool dynamics related to flow in a meandering river channel based on a 5-year monitoring period using close-range remote sensing. Geomorphology. DOI. A1.
Kasvi, E., Lotsari, E., Kumpumäki, M., Dubrovin, T. and Veijalainen, N. (2019). Effects of Climate Change and Flow Regulation on the Flow Characteristics of a Low-Relief River within Southern Boreal Climate Area. Water 11(9), pp. 1827. DOI. A1.