Baltic Rim Economies 3/2020

Published on the 29th of October 2020

Belarus: Yesterday and tomorrow

“Despite stealing the elections, Lukashenko not only lost them but also triggered the emergence of the new civic nation, which made clear it wants change. Svetlana Tsikhanouskaya became the symbol of the birth of this nation. She is not pretending she wants to be the President. She only takes upon herself the task to return to Belarusians what has been stolen from them – free and fair elections, and freedom to political prisoners.”

Andrius Kubilius,
Member of the European Parliament, former Prime Minister of Lithuania

The UK in Europe: Context, present and future

“It is also clear that what unites Europe is greater than what divides. European national institutions, societies and businesses operate from a common basis. The UK remains geographically part of Europe. Whatever the politics of UK/EU negotiations and the outcomes, the key challenges of the 21st century: health, economic and climate, and the increasing threats posed by autocratic powers can best be addressed in collaboration between nations.”

Tom Dodd,
Her Majesty’s Ambassador to the Republic of Finland

Security implications of the situation in Belarus

“A successful transfer or power in Belarus in the near future, and maintaining the security balance in Eastern Europe would be a significant step towards stability. In the long run, a stable and democratic Belarus would be a factor in enhancing European security. The problem is the short-term, as continued instability and the increased military presence and growing troops strength of different actors in the Baltic region are a threat to the foundations of the entire Western security architecture.”

Marko Palokangas,
Military Professor (Military Theory and Warfare),
Lieutenant Colonel,
National Defence University,

Protests in Belarus: Why now and what is different this time?

“A wide and rapid pre-election politicisation of Belarusians, followed by the largest political protests in the history of independent Belarus both in Minsk and the regions, came as a surprise for many experts and politicians. The public discontent did not come out of the blue, though: there are a number of long term reasons and short-term triggers that led to a revolution attempt.”

Olga Dryndova,
Editor “Belarus-Analysen”,
Research Centre for East European Studies, University of Bremen,

Baltic Rim Economies 3/2020 includes the following Expert articles

Andrius Kubilius: Belarus: Yesterday and tomorrow

Tom Dodd: The UK in Europe: Context, present and future

Piotr Rychlik: Strategic investments in Baltic Sea area – the Polish perspective

Cheon Joonho: How Korea turns a pandemic into an opportunity

YoungHoon Kwaak: My visioning and implementing efforts for Korea’s miraculous development between 1969 and 2019

Jin Kyo Suh: The way forward for WTO reform

Janne Suutarinen: The EU must sort out its foreign policy mess

Ülari Alamets & Merike Niitepõld: Central Baltic result orientation!

Marko Palokangas: Security implications of the situation in Belarus

Rein Oidekivi: Address: Belarus, Europe

David R. Marples: The Belarusian awakening

Olga Dryndova: Protests in Belarus: Why now and what is different this time?

Anna Maria Dyner: Consequences of the presidential election in Belarus

Kamil Klysinski: Belarus after elections: The subjects become citizens

Thomas M. Bohn: “Long live Belarus!” and “Go away!”  – slogans of the white-red-white revolution

Rikard Jozwiak: Belarus sanctions – The EU’s symbolic response

Aisha Jung: In front of every great man is a great woman

Jakob Wöllenstein: At a turning point: Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung in Belarus

Konstantin V. Kozadaev & Alexander V. Zhuk: From words to deeds

Grigory Ioffe: The tug-of-war for Belarus’s memory

Andrej Kotljarchuk: A Cinderella of Europe: Understanding the political history of Belarus

Kate Marchuk: Great Stone Industrial Park: On the way to success

Irina Malgina: Strategy for entrepreneurship development until 2030 in Belarus

Justinas Juozaitis: Lithuanian nuclear diplomacy gains momentum

Margarita Assenova: Gloom and doom over Nord Stream 2

Stanislav Zhiznin: Economics and geopolitics of Nord Stream-2 in the Baltic Rim

James Henderson: 2020 – time for a Gazprom re-think?

Katja Yafimava: Nord Stream 2: Delayed but unstoppable

Dimitar Lilkov: Nord Stream 2: European energy policy is still a pipe dream

Ain Köster: Balticconnector opened the Finnish gas market

Herkko Plit: Balticconnector and future of energy transfer

Mariusz Ruszel: The importance of gas infrastructure in the Baltic Sea Region for the V4 countries

Danila Bochkarev: Methane emissions: A challenge and an industry response

Olga Garanina: Russia’s energy and climate policies after Covid-19

György Széll: Covid-19 and democracy*

Konstantin Khudoley: Coronavirus and its aftermath

Timur Uzbjakov: The importance of ventilation

Krzysztof Żęgota: Attitude of Polish right-wing political parties to development of Polish-Russian relations

Pawel Ziemianski: Fostering the potential of women in entrepreneurial families

Dana Zimmer & Ulrich Bathmann: Phosphorus and the Baltic Sea: A brief review

Annemari Andrésen: Cross-border collaboration in the Archipelago

Marta A. Götz: FDI in the I4.0 era – fortune favours the prepared

Thomas Grennes: Amber Tigers and the Baltic population problem

Salavat Abylkalikov: Kaliningrad region becomes more sedentary

Andrey Mikhaylov & Anna Mikhaylova: North-western cities of Russia in the knowledge landscape of the Baltic region

Vasily Astrov: A case for a common economic space from Lisbon to Vladivostok

Halina Haurylka: Strategic autonomy of the European Union: Chinese factor

Marina F. Tkachenko & Ruslan M. Shafiev: Managing the risks of regionalization of Russia in the context of the development of the EEU

Yuri Lapaiev: Resist-unite-win

Kari Liuhto: The USA and the Baltic Sea region: No new walls